Photos from Triangles Past…

Blue-gray Tri-Weaving in process.
Tri-Weaving in process.

Triangle weaving is fun! Period. It offers  such variety that can’t be done on a harness loom. With my love of texture, I migrated to this when I first learned and have never stopped.  It started with the state Tropical Weavers convention  years ago, where a class of weavers put together their frames, weaved for 2 days, then wondered how we were going to get these large frames home. I remember passing cars on I-10 with frames strapped to the roofs and knew they were fellow weavers on their way back.

Tri-Weaving workshop, Panama City, FL
Tri-Weaving workshop, Panama City, FL (’08)

Over the past 20 years I’ve traveled with this workshop throughout Florida plus a few other places North and had some fantastic groups.  Back in those days we made our own frames and weaved full-sized shawls on 7 ft. frames.  Over the years, I’ve whittled down the time for creating frames, because after all, weavers were impatient to get to the weaving.  The workshops started offering  two sizes: large shawls and smaller scarves, and later I offered to pre-build them.  But I miss those days when we’d haul out the power tools, prop long 1×2’s across chairs, steps, or tables, and spent some time  drilling, hammering, planning, and yaking about our planning.

Image may contain: one or more people
Making frames, Atlanta, GA. (’08)

Some of the more interesting settings or helpers  (you know who you are 🙂  )included a historical courtyard in St. Augustine, a wide front porch in a Victorian era house fronting the bay in Pensacola,  a cabin above Atlanta on a woodsy mountain,  the state park at White Springs Folk Arts Center, the gallery in Milton where we set up “shop” out of the back of a van,  and various yarn shops, galleries or art centers in Destin, Charleston, Baltimore,  New Smyrna Beach, and Tallahassee.

Making Tri-Weaving frames
Making frames – Destin, FL (’10)

The currently scheduled one for February 23-24th  is at Millstone Plantation,  another historical landmark sitting above Lake McBride. Millstone still raises sheep and llamas and is restoring the house and weaving studio.  Ask me any questions, but  for registration, contact:, or (850) 294-3918.

See more photos from the workshops on my class pages.

February 23 & 24, 2019
Saturday: 10am – 4pm  ~  Sunday: 1pm – 4pm
$ 150 includes frame kit (yours to keep) and lunch.
6500 Old Millstone Plantation Rd, Tallahassee, FL 32312
(from Hwy. 319/Thomasville Rd.)


Triangle Weaving at Millstone Plantation


Heads Up…  Millstone Institute for Folk Arts is hosting my next Workshop – a wonderful, historical location for this fun technique. More below.

     A little history:  Millstone is where I got started, waaay back with my 1st two lambs, Bambi and Filene. Bambi was a real “character”, butting heads, trees, and finally, me. He didn’t last too long after that. Filene became “Head Ewe” of the flock she great-great-grand-mothered through several generations.

I joined the guild, meeting every Spring Farm Days at  the “Jr. Museum” for the annual sheering and “Sheep To Shawl”  demos. Jesse Conrad brought Millstone’s ambience, knowledge, and skills to show me how it was all done. The shearer “Otis” sheared not only the Museum’s sheep, but truckloads of local farmers’ sheep that were shipped in for the event. We, the spinners and weavers, would roll out the fleeces on a long table, “skirt” the dirty tags off, and roll them up from neck to end, exposing the inner side out with rich, textured crimp of the fiber, moist with lanolin. Each spinner spun yarns, which were transferred to the loom and woven into a full length shawl. We’d all take turns, completing the process in 2 days. The 100% handspun/handwoven shawl was auctioned off at the end of the day. A great way to learn the process– I continued with other festivals’ sheep-to-shawl activities, often as contests, awarding the spinner or weaver who did the most. It was fun!

Back to Millstone. Jesse’s studio has been preserved and the original old house is being restored. Not just any old plantation on a hill, there’s a special aura with its heritage oaks, flock of sheep and alpacas, bees, garden, all overlooking beautiful Lake McBride. Millstone is developing a series of folkart workshops in wood, clay, metal, and fiber. I’m looking forward to seeing you there.

February 23 & 24, 2019
Saturday: 10am – 4pm  ~  Sunday: 1pm – 4pm
$ 150 includes frame kit (yours to keep) and lunch.
6500 Old Millstone Plantation Rd, Tallahassee, FL 32312
(from Hwy. 319/Thomasville Rd.)

For more info on joining the class, contact Millstone. ~ (850) 294-3918
For questions on weaving/yarns, contact Alice.  ~ (850) 997-5505 ~  my classes page

Showtime! …the craft of an art show

Display - Weaves By Cappa
Display – Weaves By Cappa

Preparing for a show seems to take more time than actually being there. Most of what I carry with me are props. My fiber inventory can fit into two armsized bundles, but the rest is everything needed to hold them up. When I started, waaay back in the late ’70s, my first show was in St. Augustine. This was during the “craft explosion” when artists began exhibiting in the streets, not having to wait to get curated into a gallery. It was a colorful, lively, free-for-all and the movement spread across the country. At that first show, I had no booth. I spread out a tarp and laid everything on the ground. One of the judges came by and said, “well, you have some nice work, but you gotta get a booth.”  Thinking back, it was nice of him to comment. Many judges today are here and gone without notice, signifying their visit only by a tiny colored dot on your sign.  But that li’l exchange started me on my way.

art show booth of Cappa weavings
Booth, wood, circa 1980

In 1980, two of my “mainstays” gave me a base to build my craft, my display, and learn the business of taking my art on the road. The Florida Folklife Festival (White Springs) and the Great Gulf Coast Arts Festival (Pensacola) are good examples of how the nature of the show grew with the wide variety of artisans that populated them. Throughout the ’80’s,  this “colorful, lively free-for-all”  that was an art show reflected alot of styles, handmade booths with colorful tops, and paintings and craftwork spilling out into the aisles. There was no uniformity, and many shows reflected a particular theme.

One was the large Renaissance Festival held at the Ringling Museum grounds in Sarasota. At that show booths were expected to be of either “rustic” or maybe “rococo” design. The rustic ones, like mine, were often built from wood, bamboo poles, or maybe haybales.  And at that show were outrageous costumes, sumptuous  foods, energetic games, colorful banners on every post, and lots of animals. I took my dog, who parked himself in the aisle in front of my booth, stopping all the ladies who ooh’d and ahh’d over him, then came in to see my weavings. My paper-mache manikin, “Minerva”, was dressed in flowing wraps and scarves. I remember a parade of costumed “gentry”, walking their hounds, knights on horseback throwing spears or playing chess, and maybe a few geese  and sheep for some of the demos. I included my spinning wheel and could spin up lots of yarn during that show. My handmade booth was a wooden one I shaped like a hexagon with an arched top. The arch was made of two crossing arcs cut from plywood, which attached to 6 sidewalls & held the whole thing up. It was a chore to set up (let alone carry on top of the car), and when the wind blew, with all my weavings fluttering from the sides- BoHo style, the whole thing creaked like an  old boat.  I liked that; it added sound to all the visuals. This show had much to attract festival goers and they formed long lines at the front gates, then paraded by, or through,  the gigantic banyan trees,  or pulled up in their boats at the back docks. All the museum/theater/circus/ and mansion buildings were open.  Open for grand times, and grand art!

Art Show booth (2) with Cappa weavings
Booth, pvc. circa mid-’80s

Back in the day, back before state parks dis-allowed open fires, my first heritage demos at the folk festival involved making dyes. I’d start a fire, string a clothesline between trees, gather lots of pots, natural dye plants, and buckets of water and spend the entire weekend dyeing skeins of yarns. They made a colorful display hanging from the trees and below the branches, I rested in my hammock. People were full of curiosity, questions, and some wanted to help. I’d also set up the spinning wheel, and with non-stop music from the nearby stage, I spun my wool, using my “instrument” to jam with the musicians.  Visitors not only signed my guest book, but drew pictures across the pages, wrote me notes, or said “hi” to previous names they recognized. To add to this lively space, costumed story-tellers, wandering minstrels and jugglers, and hawkers of watermelon or ice cream would come share their own anecdotes. Those were fun shows!

booth - Weaves By CappaNowadays, shows are much more regulated and more focused, from large events with national producers to local shows by a small town art club. Northern shows may involve a different preparation than southern shows. But booths began to reflect more uniformity and eventually, the “norm” of a white tent changed to an obligation. The “booth shot” for a jury must reflect a compatible look for their event. Street shows and parks offer varied settings and may entail an interesting ground surface (bricks or moss?), or backdrop (fencing? pillars?), or a nice tree to frame the shot.

tree in booth site

I once had a sprawly crepe myrtle tree within my booth space, which served as a good prop for some shawls. But generally, there’s no more spilling into the aisles, no more spreading from your 10 ft. space into your neighbor’s space, and definitely no fires. But before I got my tent, I built another booth. This one was white pvc. When I leaned on it, it still creaked like an old boat.

Even with a more refined and defined display, there’s much more to setting up than “ready, set, go”. Some artists may have their work laid out in pre-set displays with backdrops of only a poster and some curtains. Others – the ones with heavy art works or large paintings, must set up strong metal frames and high canopies. Some, like me, have a myriad of small parts that seem to fall into a different place at every show- adding confusion, time, and thoughts of “how-did-THAT-get-HERE!” The demos involve more equipment and supplies and the van is packed to the roof. Sometimes, parking near the booth site is not possible and every piece must be dollied, possibly over rough ground or even mud (once – through ankle-deep water). Setting up the whole thing usually takes me three hours. I stayed with those first two shows, the GGAF and the Folklife festival for 33 years, since both allowed me to continue to demonstrate.  I’m still with the GGAF, (at this writing, 38 years) and still hauling all the props, equipment, fleeces, mannequin or stands, banners, easels, signs, baskets, floor mats, canopy braces, tent and booth weights … it’s been an interesting ride.








Farmhouses, Critters, & Hurricanes

After hurricane, sheep eating debris.
After-hurricane clean-up: more stuff to eat.
  The recent storm gave an opportunity to accustom the sheep to staying in a more secure, but unfamiliar, shelter: under the house. Remembering their #1 rule: "Eat! ALOT!" (YarnTalk, chapter 3), I filled the white bucket with grain and they followed me single file to the house. Raising the lattice, we ducked under the porch floor and I set down a large trashcan lid as a tray and dumped in the grain. They gathered 'round, easily fitting under the 4-foot-high porch floor. Sheep like low roofs. I guess that's why sheep "folds" or "cotes" are built small. They feel more secure when all bunched together. But my efforts were in vain. They ate their fill and pushed their way past the lattice and out again to graze. They don't feel the rain
unless it's hard on their faces. Wool insulates them against everything: rain, wind, heat,cold. 

   Not like fur. During the storm, the dogs were also in and out, tracking water all over the floor. Their fur was always dripping. They were more curious about the storm and just wanted to make their rounds and check again. And again. The house is built for storms. When designing it, I was fascinated with old-style plans that accomodated the South's heat and humidity. Plans like breezeways, low eaves and wide overhangs, airy cupolas, and a whole-house fan. Windows,doors, and dogdoors are open almost year-round, allowing breezes (ok, winds) to blow through during the hot months. The dogs take advantage of this.
   It occurred to me I was mirroring my hurricane chapter in the book (YarnTalk, chapter 8). In the story, however, the sheep stayed put, even exploring, knocking about, or dragging around everything under the house: fallen insulation, tangled wiring, plumbing, stacks of pottery and garden tools. When the power cut out and the light dimmed, I switched my attention to crafts that didn't require electricity. I could hear them below the floor and they could hear me above, pounding away on the loom. Since storm gusts were not so severe, it was actually relaxing. Our mutual sounds kept us in touch with each other while outside, beyond the porch walls, the trees danced with the wind.
  YarnTalk is a work in progress, following the adventures of Ivy, the lamb, as she tries to learn about making a shawl. Occasional updates and excerpts are posted here.

“Dyed ‘N Wool” Visitors Make Art

spinning wool on a wheel
spinning wool

When kids come to visit we can do a variety of things. Small weavings on cardboard? Large weavings on wooden frames? Maybe some paper-making, or vegie-dyeing on the fire. The sheep always demand their fair share of the day – another opportunity to eat! Mimosa or grain, they’ll take it all. Kids get to personally interact with them, something they might never have done. Soft wool feels good, soft mouths tickle their hands.

kids pulling mimosa for sheep

pullling mimosa for the sheep

Last Sunday, visitors arrived ready to play. We visited the pasture, then settled on the deck to see the weaving/spinning demos. Afterwards, everyone grabbed for their yarns and cardboard looms and jumped into the world of fiberarts. They were working on scout badges and so got to explore various fibers, textures, colors, and whatever they intended their final project to be. These projects are meant to be finished at home, so I hope that I will get to see them later. Meanwhile, check out the photos on FB.

girl at loom

For more info, contact me or see –
“Dyed ‘N Wool” fiber activities for kids.

Rule #5: PLAY!

Rule #1: Eat Food. Alot! ~ Rule#2: Stick With The Flock! ~ Rule#3: Be Aware! ~ Rule#4: Not To Close! ~ Rule #5: Play Games!

At about age 5-6 days to 2 weeks new

lamb gamboling
Oreo, gamboling.

lambs suddenly get the memo that they can leave their moms and do something more athletic than reaching for the next meal. They see other lambs just like themselves and they start to play. This is when “gamboling” gets so funny. As though on a pogo stick, they bounce and twirl and hop across the pasture. From here through the next several weeks they spend much of their time in the air.

Once I filmed a lamb spinning in a twirl. He stood in one place, as though not knowing what to do, then leaped straight up, whirled, bounced down and up again, and repeated the move

lambs playing
Gamboling, shared from Pinterest-LoveToKnit.Wordpress.

3 times. Then he took off running, snapping kinetic energy between himself and the next lamb to keep them all bouncing. When they get older the energy passes, but even on a crisp autumn day, usually at sunset after a long day of napping and chewing cud, I’ve seen the whole flock gamboling, skipping, running around the pasture in a game of tag. Even a 150 lb. ram, once relieved of his fleece at shearing time, becomes like a kid again and bounces back and forth across the pasture in a spurt of freedom.

Another game sheep like is King-Of-The-Mountain. Usually mom is the mountain. This could be inspired by a large woodpile, a mound of high ground, or any older sheep who’ll lie still for the game. And this is why commercial growers may use lightweight jackets ( fleece protectors) on their sheep. The lambs don’t care. They bounce up, knock off the current “king”, then are butted in a flying leap from the next lamb. The ewes just chew their cud. It must be very meditative for them.

lambs playing
King Of The Mountain, shared from Pinterest.

There was also the time before my flock was established, when my 1st ram lamb created a new game.  Having only his ewe cousin to play with, he looked around for anything to break his boredom. He started knocking down trees. Small saplings, but still 8-10 ft.high with thick bases. He’d butt them, bend them by walking over them, and ram them into the ground. They’d snap back and he’d butt them again. And again. I was going to get him a volley ball on a rope, but it never happened.

Most sheep lead simple lives and usually don’t have to worry about their next meal, a strong fence, or what the shepherd’s up to. So they play. Looks like a good idea to me.

Rule #4: Not Too Close!

Rule #1: Eat Food. Alot! ~ Rule#2: Stick With The Flock! ~ Rule#3: Be Aware! ~ Rule#4: Not To Close! ~ Rule #5: Play Games!

lamb behind ewe
Not too close!

“Us vs. them” is something sheep understand too well. The family tribe is strong and anyone else -keep out of their personal space. But I think this rule depends on upbringing.  And character.

Even though they may come running to my call, (only the “shepherd’s call” – anyone else can forget it.) they have an amusing sense of boundaries when they stop short of my reach. I could stretch out my hand and they will back away, just out of reach. I can almost hear them saying, ” uh uh uh… not too close.” If  I take a step forward,  they take a step backward. But if I  step backward, they take one step forward.  A game of “Simon Sez” anyone?  In the next photo, it may seem like we’re on friendly terms, but they were just out of reach. When I leaned forward, they stepped back. No amount of coaxing would change this.

leaning forward with sheep and lamb
Not too close!

The exception to this is if I have grain, for which Rule #1 takes precedence.

Re: upbringing, bottlebabies are understandably different, rushing to the bottle person whether you have it or not. They will never let you forget it. So, when grown, they still have that familiarity and are more willing to be within close range. This may or not mean close enough to touch, just whatever range they decide is right.

My first ewe and ram lambs came from a plantation that had fairly good contact with their sheep. I walked into a darkened barn and unknowingly, the ram followed me in. I should never have turned my back or been near him at all, but what actually happened was a fluke. He came up behind me and stuck his head under my arm and wanted to be petted. He was  young;  I was naive. I thought it would last. So I took home a couple of his lambs and tried to make friends. They only wanted to run away. Unless I had grain. But in the end, those two lambs started my family of sheep to continue for the next 35 years. Some were more friendly than others, some were more bossy. Some were outright wild. All were real “characters”.

In the YarnTalk story, I’ve sprinkled little sign posts about “the rules” throughout. Each character is reminded about a r

Not too close. This means you!

ule depending on  what’s going on at the time. Of course, SnoBelle ignores the reminders, but she’ll use them in her own way.

At right is Panda. Look in his eye; he’ll stare you down. I wouldn’t want to get close to him either.

Rule #3: Be Aware

2 sheep and a dog       Besides a natural telepathy with each other, their senses are acute. Especially scent. Especially for food. Grain is the main draw, anytime, but hay must be fresh. If it’s fallen onto the ground and they step on it, well then … no longer edible.  It smells like sheep feet and they ignore it. If mimosa is cut on the far side of the pasture, they know it and come running. If grain is hidden in a closed bag where they might find access to it, they will find it. Immediately! Such as the time Ivy entered an unfamiliar classroom with me, and no sooner through the door, whipped the leash out of my hand and charged for the hamster grain at the back of the room, chowing down before I could reach her.

Other senses are just as strong. Sound carries all around from the neighbors’ dogs or an overhead plane  to my call from two acres away. All make their ears twitch and their heads turn. An amazing example is when the shearer comes, who rumbles down the dirt road in a cloud of dust, in an old pick-up. This man appears only once per year, with a definitive engine sound the sheep remember. At his approach from almost a quarter mile away, I’ve seen their heads jerk up, all eyes turn as one, and all focus together towards the road. They know who it is! And what’s coming. And they don’t like it.

Sight might not be at the top of the list, but they are very sensitive to movement. In the distance, if an unclear object moves within their near vicinity, such as another animal approaching through tall moving grasses, or a bird who flies overhead, ears will twitch, eyes will turn, all as one. Colors are not the same as ours and studies have shown a limited range – mostly in the reddish/yellowish shades. My previous dog – large and red, could jump the fence into their pasture. In the YarnTalk stories, since the sheep did not know his name, they imagined he was called “Big Arf”. Big Arf usually ignored the sheep and would explore the far corners of the pasture, stick his nose deep into old woodpiles, and bury his bones in forgotten holes under the trees. Wherever he moved, the sheep’s eyes and ears and noses would follow, raising their heads as one, pointing in his direction like a weathervane. Whenever I looked for him, I looked at them pointing the way. I called them the “Arfvane”.

Sheep have no natural defenses and must stay on top of their game to deal with predators. Their only shield is to run away, or hide. Even rams, protector of the flock, are no match for a dog, or coyote, or an angry snake. Their main “defense” is a good fence. But being hyper-aware is something to be proud of.

Rule #2: Stick With the Flock

lamb leading ewe
Ivy leads her mom on explorations into the woods.

Rule #2: STICK WITH THE FLOCK! Always!
Sheep are flock animals and have close family ties. Mothers and kids will hangout together, in all activities, in all venues, forever. They may slightly separate themselves from other family groups, but always within eyesight. When one responds to something, they all do. Their telepathy is strong, except when one zones out in her own little dream world and takes a few minutes to catch up. Ivy is one of those. When she grazes, I think the action of stepping and chewing, stepping and chewing must be very meditative. Being independent and curious, she will also venture off for a solitary nap, or explorations deeper under the trees. I sometimes call and call when ready to move them to an alternate spot and though the others come running, I often need to search for Ivy, who’s off pawing some new plant she found, distant from the flock, or asleep in a hole, behind the fallen tree, down in the woods, so completely out of sight I might step on her before she wakes.
One exception to the flock rule may be when young lambs are sleeping. They play hard, then drop and take a nap. The ewes keep grazing and gradually widen the spaces between them. Often, one ewe plays babysitter, while the other moms drift away. Then they meet up and switch roles. Other times, they all drift away and forget where they left the lambs. That’s cause for all-out shouting until the lambs wake up and they all find each other again.
But this brings up pecking orders. Even though they stick together and mimic each other, there is a separation of power and who gets to go first. Did you know the ram is not the leader of the flock? His job is to protect and bully and make little lambs. If danger threatens, he’ll face it and even though he’s no match for most predators, he’ll make a big show of it. Mostly with other rams. I personally think they’re not all that brave. They wait ’til you turn your back, then they butt you.
It’s the Head Ewe who leads the flock, decides where the best pasture is, who eats first, and who steps ahead of the line of ewes and lambs all in single file to their next location. With my small family of sheep, it’s Swee’Pea who answers my call first, leads the stampede to breakfast, and yells when the flock needs something. Swee’Pea is the daughter of the original SnoBelle from the story, and also Ivy’s mom. Though always part of the flock, their independence runs deep.

The Rules, #1: Eat Food! ALOT!

In YarnTalk, my story of the lambs and the fiber processes, Maa Dixie Belle gives 5 rules for the flock. No. 1 is “Eat Food! Alot!”
The others I’ve deduced from watching them, usually based on how they sense their world around them. The other rules are:
2. Stick with the flock!
3. Be aware!
4. Not too close!
5. Play Games!
More on those later.

#1 – EAT! seems to be written in capital letters, just for them. They’re always hungry. Though many sheep will live off forage entirely,  to me,  a barren winter pasture should have some help. My sheep are wool sheep and if they’re going to have quality wool, they need a high protein grain. So they have become accustomed to breakfast as soon as I wake up. That’s “as soon as I wake up”. Not after I’m audibly moving around, or visibly on my way to the shed. That’s from the moment I wake up, they know it. And they start yelling for breakfast. And when I appear, they stampede to the trough.

Sheep are creatures of habit ,  following  the same pattern, over and over. For instance, when lining up at the trough for any meal, they must approach in the same order, position themselves in “their” spot, and dive in. “Diving in” is important, hence their No.1 rule.  Maybe I should call it “Eat Food. Alot! NOW!” It doesn’t matter if they just had breakfast and meandered away from the shed, following the same path in the same order. If you call them again, they will stampede over and repeat the same exact pattern again, as though the first meal never happened.

Beyond their usual grain, they also like candy. Err…mimosa. For some reason my sheep have developed a big attachment to chewing these large fronds of greenery that I’ve never seen with other sheep. And they’ve passed it down through the generations, as long as I’ve been here. They may be skittish and aloof apart from coming for their meals, but if I go out to the pasture and pull down a mimosa branch, they come running. Or stampeding.  When clearing debris around the yard, they know if mimosa is involved and rush at the fence, baaing and demanding their share.

They have curious tastes. It’s a sheep thing.